却把他给害惨了必威app,商君为啥被历史之父说成

从事商业君变法之后,“法”成为帝国治理的一大工具。以前的社会上并不讲法,而只说风俗习于旧贯,行为道德,因而法的推行也很难。大家心中对“法”这么些事物第一是不打听,第二…

神州人对商君应该不会不熟悉,关于商君的野史身份,今后说不允许期存款在着好些个顶牛,但《商君变法》让燕国变得越来越强却是历史公众认为的。但是在历史上像公孙鞅那样的八个颜值,他实际不是一开…

从cóng商shāng鞅yāng变biàn法fǎ之zhī后hòu,“法fǎ”成chéng为wéi王wáng国guó治zhì理lǐ的de一yī大dà工gōng具jù。在zài此cǐ之zhī前qián的de社shè会huì上shàng并bìng不bú讲jiǎng法fǎ,而ér只zhī说shuō风fēng俗sú习xí惯guàn,行háng为wéi道dào德dé,因yīn此cǐ法fǎ的de推tuī行háng也yě很hěn难nán。大dà家jiā心xīn里lǐ对duì“法fǎ”这zhè个gè东dōng西xī第dì一yī是shì不bú了le解jiě,第dì二èr是shì不bú认rèn可kě。必威app 1商shāng鞅yāng为wéi什shí么me被bèi司sī马mǎ迁qiān说shuō成chéng“刻kè薄báo少shǎo恩ēn”?”>

中zhōng国guó人rén对duì商shāng鞅yāng应yīng该gāi不bú会huì陌mò生shēng,关guān于yú商shāng鞅yāng的de历lì史shǐ地dì位wèi,现xiàn在zài也yě许xǔ存cún在zài着zhe不bú少shǎo争zhēng议yì,但dàn《商shāng鞅yāng变biàn法fǎ》让ràng秦qín国guó变biàn得dé更gèng强qiáng却què是shì历lì史shǐ公gōng认rèn的de。不bú过guò在zài历lì史shǐ上shàng像xiàng商shāng鞅yāng这zhè样yàng的de一yī个gè人rén才cái,他tā并bìng不bú是shì一yī开kāi始shǐ就jiù帮bāng秦qín国guó工gōng作zuò的de,而ér且qiě商shāng鞅yāng刚gāng刚gāng出chū道dào的de时shí候hòu投tóu靠kào的de是shì当dāng时shí最zuì强qiáng的de魏wèi国guó。只zhī是shì魏wèi国guó的de国guó君jun1一yī直zhí看kàn不bú起qǐ这zhè个gè年nián轻qīng人rén,最zuì终zhōng把bǎ这zhè个gè人rén才cái给gěi放fàng走zǒu了le——

贵guì族zú们men认rèn为wéi自zì己jǐ身shēn处chù尊zūn贵guì的de地dì位wèi,杀shā了le一yī两liǎng个gè奴nú隶lì或huò者zhě低dī等děng贱jiàn民mín并bìng不bú要yào紧jǐn,国guó君jun1都dōu不bú会huì来lái过guò问wèn这zhè种zhǒng小xiǎo事shì,然rán而ér怎zěn么me到dào了le商shāng鞅yāng这zhè里lǐ,他tā口kǒu中zhōng的de“法fǎ”为wéi什shí么me什shí么me都dōu要yào管guǎn?为wéi什shí么me连lián自zì己jǐ这zhè么me点diǎn的de“小xiǎo错cuò误wù”都dōu要yào给gěi予yǔ惩chéng罚fá?所suǒ以yǐ,贵guì族zú阶jiē级jí无wú法fǎ理lǐ解jiě这zhè种zhǒng法fǎ,也yě不bú想xiǎng去qù理lǐ解jiě,因yīn为wéi这zhè束shù缚fù了le他tā们men,让ràng自zì己jǐ贵guì族zú的de身shēn份fèn特tè权quán荡dàng然rán无wú存cún。所suǒ谓wèi触chù及jí利lì益yì,商shāng鞅yāng变biàn法fǎ真zhēn正zhèng做zuò到dào了le“无wú功gōng不bú受shòu禄lù”,即jí使shǐ皇huáng亲qīn贵guì族zú也yě不bú例lì外wài,这zhè样yàng哪nǎ些xiē纨wán绔kù子zǐ弟dì的de生shēng存cún空kōng间jiān就jiù没méi有yǒu了le,只zhī能néng被bèi迫pò地dì走zǒu上shàng战zhàn场chǎng,或huò者zhě下xià田tián农nóng耕gēng。必威app 2商shāng鞅yāng为wéi什shí么me被bèi司sī马mǎ迁qiān说shuō成chéng“刻kè薄báo少shǎo恩ēn”?”>

必威app 3

商shāng鞅yāng变biàn法fǎ带dài来lái的de功gōng效xiào是shì巨jù大dà的de,一yī是shì调diào动dòng了le举jǔ国guó建jiàn功gōng立lì业yè的de积jī极jí性xìng,二èr是shì规guī范fàn了le民mín众zhòng以yǐ及jí贵guì族zú的de行háng为wéi,放fàng弃qì私sī斗dòu而ér崇chóng尚shàng公gōng战zhàn!秦qín国guó的de崛jué起qǐ,功gōng臣chén首shǒu推tuī商shāng鞅yāng!

商shāng鞅yāng是shì卫wèi国guó国guó君jun1的de后hòu裔yì,其qí祖zǔ上shàng本běn姓xìng姬jī,氏shì公gōng孙sūn,故gù而ér称chēng其qí为wéi商shāng鞅yāng,因yīn为wéi是shì卫wèi国guó人rén,人rén们men也yě称chēng其qí为wéi卫wèi鞅yāng,是shì战zhàn国guó时shí期qī政zhèng治zhì家jiā、思sī想xiǎng家jiā、改gǎi革gé家jiā、法fǎ家jiā的de代dài表biǎo人rén物wù。

然rán而ér这zhè么me一yī个gè人rén,却què被bèi司sī马mǎ迁qiān在zài史shǐ记jì中zhōng评píng为wéi“刻kè薄báo少shǎo恩ēn”,这zhè是shì为wéi什shí么me?商shāng鞅yāng曾céng经jīng因yīn为wéi太tài子zǐ犯fàn法fǎ,而ér对duì太tài子zǐ老lǎo师shī施shī以yǐ重zhòng刑xíng,因yīn此cǐ也yě被bèi贵guì族zú们men记jì恨hèn在zài心xīn里lǐ,而ér最zuì终zhōng车chē裂liè身shēn死sǐ,也yě就jiù是shì因yīn为wéi太tài不bú顾gù人rén情qíng了le。司sī马mǎ迁qiān的de评píng价jià猛měng地dì一yī看kàn似sì乎hū没méi有yǒu问wèn题tí。

商shāng鞅yāng在zài少shǎo年nián之zhī时shí就jiù胸xiōng怀huái大dà志zhì,好hǎo刑xíng名míng之zhī学xué,受shòu魏wèi文wén侯hóu时shí期qī的de相xiàng国guó李lǐ悝kuī及jí将jiāng军jun1吴wú起qǐ的de影yǐng响xiǎng很hěn大dà。对duì李lǐ悝kuī所suǒ著zhe的de《法fǎ经jīng》百bǎi读dú不bú厌yàn,对duì吴wú起qǐ用yòng兵bīng百bǎi战zhàn百bǎi胜shèng,非fēi常cháng崇chóng拜bài。当dāng吴wú起qǐ被bèi迫pò弃qì魏wèi奔bēn楚chǔ之zhī后hòu,在zài楚chǔ国guó实shí行háng的de一yī系xì列liè的de变biàn法fǎ,其qí也yě非fēi常cháng感gǎn兴xìng趣qù,进jìn行háng了le反fǎn复fù的de研yán究jiū,收shōu货huò甚shèn丰fēng。后hòu来lái又yòu投tóu师shī于yú尸shī佼jiǎo学xué习xí杂zá家jiā学xué说shuō。

必威app 4商shāng鞅yāng为wéi什shí么me被bèi司sī马mǎ迁qiān说shuō成chéng“刻kè薄báo少shǎo恩ēn”?”>

待dài商shāng鞅yāng长zhǎng大dà之zhī后hòu,魏wèi国guó正zhèng是shì卫wèi成chéng侯hóu时shí期qī,卫wèi成chéng侯hóu昏hūn庸yōng无wú能néng,领lǐng地dì窄zhǎi狭xiá,国guó力lì衰shuāi弱ruò,兵bīng微wēi将jiāng寡guǎ,随suí时shí都dōu有yǒu被bèi周zhōu围wéi的de强qiáng国guó灭miè掉diào的de可kě能néng,实shí在zài是shì无wú法fǎ施shī展zhǎn自zì己jǐ的de才cái能néng。当dāng时shí中zhōng原yuán诸zhū国guó唯wéi魏wèi国guó最zuì强qiáng,商shāng鞅yāng无wú奈nài,忍rěn痛tòng离lí开kāi卫wèi国guó,来lái到dào了le魏wèi国guó,投tóu到dào魏wèi相xiàng国guó公gōng叔shū痤cuó的de门mén下xià。公gōng叔shū痤cuó与yǔ商shāng鞅yāng进jìn行háng了le深shēn入rù的de交jiāo谈tán,深shēn知zhī此cǐ人rén虽suī然rán年nián轻qīng,但dàn胸xiōng中zhōng怀huái有yǒu经jīng天tiān纬wěi地dì之zhī才cái,心xīn中zhōng不bú免miǎn有yǒu一yī些xiē嫉jí妒dù心xīn理lǐ,唯wéi恐kǒng为wéi他tā国guó所suǒ用yòng,便biàn留liú在zài府fǔ中zhōng为wéi中zhōng庶shù子zǐ,待dài日rì后hòu自zì己jǐ故gù去qù,可kě为wéi魏wèi相xiàng。

然rán而ér,我wǒ个gè人rén认rèn为wéi,商shāng鞅yāng世shì之zhī大dà才cái,他tā的de心xīn里lǐ只zhī想xiǎng着zhe自zì己jǐ的de“法fǎ”学xué能néng够gòu施shī行háng,并bìng且qiě使shǐ国guó家jiā富fù强qiáng,在zài推tuī行háng中zhōng遇yù到dào的de困kùn难nán,也yě肯kěn定dìng是shì多duō重zhòng的de,然rán而ér困kùn难nán一yī旦dàn克kè服fú了le,那nà基jī本běn上shàng就jiù是shì成chéng功gōng了le。

商shāng鞅yāng在zài公gōng叔shū痤cuó的de相xiàng府fǔ中zhōng,虽suī然rán受shòu到dào公gōng叔shū痤cuó的de重zhòng视shì,许xǔ多duō大dà事shì皆jiē求qiú教jiāo于yú商shāng鞅yāng,使shǐ魏wèi国guó兴xìng盛shèng,但dàn始shǐ终zhōng没méi能néng将jiāng自zì己jǐ推tuī荐jiàn给gěi国guó君jun1,也yě未wèi能néng在zài朝cháo中zhōng任rèn职zhí。而ér公gōng叔shū痤cuó在zài魏wèi国guó屡lǚ立lì战zhàn功gōng,权quán势shì更gèng大dà。可kě是shì,人rén生shēng难nán测cè,终zhōng有yǒu倒dǎo霉méi的de时shí候hòu。在zài秦qín、魏wèi少shǎo梁liáng之zhī战zhàn时shí,公gōng叔shū痤cuó本běn想xiǎng乘chéng大dà破pò韩hán、赵zhào联lián军jun1之zhī势shì,再zài大dà败bài秦qín军jun1。

所suǒ以yǐ商shāng鞅yāng在zài对duì待dài重zhòng大dà的de事shì件jiàn时shí,越yuè是shì要yào维wéi护hù“法fǎ”的de尊zūn严yán权quán威wēi。商shāng鞅yāng自zì己jǐ说shuō,刑xíng罚fá一yī定dìng要yào重zhòng,这zhè样yàng才cái能néng使shǐ人rén记jì得dé法fǎ,认rèn识shí法fǎ的de权quán威wēi性xìng,否fǒu则zé法fǎ治zhì终zhōng归guī只zhī是shì个gè梦mèng而ér已yǐ!必威app 5商shāng鞅yāng为wéi什shí么me被bèi司sī马mǎ迁qiān说shuō成chéng“刻kè薄báo少shǎo恩ēn”?”>很hěn尊zūn敬jìng司sī马mǎ迁qiān,也yě非fēi常cháng喜xǐ欢huān他tā的de《史shǐ记jì》,但dàn是shì司sī马mǎ迁qiān对duì商shāng鞅yāng的de评píng价jià,似sì乎hū带dài有yǒu个gè人rén情qíng感gǎn。但dàn是shì要yào知zhī道dào,如rú果guǒ汉hàn武wǔ帝dì真zhēn的de奉fèng行háng法fǎ治zhì,而ér不bú是shì随suí心xīn所suǒ欲yù,司sī马mǎ迁qiān也yě不bú会huì遭zāo此cǐ厄è运yùn!

万wàn没méi有yǒu想xiǎng到dào,却què成chéng了le秦qín军jun1的de俘fú虏lǔ。当dāng被bèi押yā解jiě的de秦qín都dōu栎lì阳yáng之zhī后hòu,尽jìn管guǎn公gōng叔shū痤cuó虽suī然rán在zài秦qín献xiàn公gōng面miàn前qián不bú卑bēi不bú吭kēng,侃kǎn侃kǎn而ér谈tán,受shòu到dào了le秦qín献xiàn公gōng的de尊zūn重zhòng,又yòu将jiāng其qí以yǐ礼lǐ送sòng回huí魏wèi国guó。然rán而ér魏wèi惠huì侯hóu,也yě没méi有yǒu因yīn其qí被bèi俘fú而ér小xiǎo视shì,仍réng是shì委wěi以yǐ相xiàng国guó重zhòng任rèn。可kě是shì此cǐ次cì被bèi俘fú,公gōng叔shū痤cuó在zài内nèi心xīn中zhōng却què受shòu到dào了le沉chén重zhòng的de打dǎ击jī,再zài加jiā上shàng年nián迈mài体tǐ弱ruò,回huí到dào魏wèi国guó后hòu,不bú久jiǔ便biàn身shēn患huàn重zhòng病bìng,卧wò床chuáng不bú起qǐ。

必威app 6

魏wèi惠huì侯hóu闻wén知zhī公gōng叔shū痤cuó患huàn病bìng,便biàn亲qīn自zì前qián来lái探tàn望wàng。当dāng看kàn到dào公gōng叔shū痤cuó病bìng势shì沉chén重zhòng,沉chén痛tòng地dì说shuō:“相xiàng国guó有yǒu幸xìng归guī魏wèi,今jīn却què如rú此cǐ不bú测cè,魏wèi之zhī社shè稷jì将jiāng何hé耶yē?”公gōng叔shū痤cuó看kàn着zhe魏wèi惠huì侯hóu沉chén思sī半bàn晌shǎng说shuō:“主zhǔ公gōng勿wù虑lǜ。老lǎo臣chén虽suī去qù,但dàn臣chén府fǔ中zhōng有yǒu一yī中zhōng庶shù子zǐ,姓xìng公gōng孙sūn,名míng鞅yāng,乃nǎi卫wèi国guó人rén氏shì,虽suī年nián纪jì尚shàng轻qīng,乃nǎi天tiān下xià奇qí才cái也yě,足zú以yǐ助zhù主zhǔ公gōng成chéng其qí霸bà业yè矣yǐ。主zhǔ公gōng可kě委wěi以yǐ重zhòng任rèn,听tīng其qí治zhì理lǐ,举jǔ国guó而ér听tīng之zhī,魏wèi必bì兴xìng矣yǐ。”魏wèi惠huì侯hóu听tīng罢bà默mò不bú作zuò声shēng,心xīn中zhōng暗àn想xiǎng:“相xiàng国guó老lǎo矣yǐ,故gù糊hú涂tú也yě。不bú然rán,何hé以yǐ出chū此cǐ荒huāng唐táng之zhī语yǔ乎hū?一yī年nián轻qīng之zhī中zhōng庶shù子zǐ,有yǒu何hé能néng为wéi,何hé以yǐ让ràng寡guǎ人rén举jǔ国guó而ér听tīng之zhī?”稍shāo待dài片piàn刻kè,公gōng叔shū痤cuó见jiàn魏wèi惠huì侯hóu低dī头tóu沉chén思sī不bú语yǔ,知zhī其qí无wú启qǐ用yòng商shāng鞅yāng之zhī意yì,便biàn屏píng退tuì左zuǒ右yòu,只zhī有yǒu魏wèi惠huì侯hóu一yī人rén在zài病bìng榻tà之zhī前qián时shí,悄qiāo声shēng对duì魏wèi惠huì侯hóu说shuō:“主zhǔ公gōng若ruò不bú能néng用yòng商shāng鞅yāng,当dāng杀shā之zhī,使shǐ其qí不bú能néng离lí开kāi魏wèi国guó,为wéi他tā国guó所suǒ用yòng,如rú若ruò不bú然rán,必bì为wéi魏wèi之zhī后hòu患huàn也yě。”

魏wèi惠huì侯hóu听tīng罢bà,心xīn中zhōng更gèng加jiā惊jīng讶yà,暗àn想xiǎng:“如rú此cǐ看kàn来lái,相xiàng国guó却què乃nǎi老lǎo糊hú涂tú也yě。一yī年nián轻qīng之zhī人rén,有yǒu何hé能néng为wéi耶yē?何hé以yǐ成chéng为wéi魏wèi之zhī后hòu患huàn乎hū?何hé以yǐ杀shā之zhī?”可kě是shì,此cǐ时shí公gōng叔shū痤cuó正zhèng以yǐ那nà渴kě望wàng的de眼yǎn神shén,期qī待dài着zhe自zì己jǐ的de回huí答dá。魏wèi惠huì侯hóu只zhī好hǎo点diǎn头tóu安ān慰wèi公gōng叔shū痤cuó说shuō:“相xiàng国guó勿wù虑lǜ,寡guǎ人rén皆jiē依yī相xiàng国guó之zhī言yán也yě。”又yòu稍shāo待dài片piàn刻kè,魏wèi惠huì侯hóu便biàn告gào辞cí离lí开kāi。当dāng走zǒu出chū公gōng叔shū痤cuó相xiàng府fǔ,登dēng上shàng车chē乘chéng,欲yù返fǎn回huí宫gōng中zhōng时shí,魏wèi惠huì侯hóu对duì左zuǒ右yòu群qún臣chén长zhǎng叹tàn一yī声shēng说shuō:“唉āi!人rén之zhī暮mù年nián甚shèn可kě悲bēi也yě。以yǐ相xiàng国guó之zhī贤xián能néng,却què向xiàng寡guǎ人rén推tuī荐jiàn一yī中zhōng庶shù子zǐ商shāng鞅yāng,还hái让ràng寡guǎ人rén委wěi以yǐ国guó政zhèng,举jǔ国guó听tīng之zhī

还hái言yán之zhī,‘若ruò不bú用yòng则zé杀shā之zhī’,岂qǐ不bú荒huāng谬miù乎hū?此cǐ言yán,必bì是shì相xiàng国guó病bìng危wēi之zhī时shí昏hūn聩kuì之zhī语yǔ也yě。”然rán后hòu,命mìng侍shì从cóng驱qū车chē回huí宫gōng。

此cǐ后hòu,魏wèi惠huì侯hóu之zhī弟dì,魏wèi国guó大dà夫fū公gōng子zǐ卬áng又yòu多duō次cì向xiàng魏wèi惠huì侯hóu推tuī荐jiàn商shāng鞅yāng,可kě是shì魏wèi王wáng根gēn本běn不bú把bǎ这zhè个gè年nián轻qīng人rén放fàng在zài心xīn里lǐ,而ér此cǐ时shí,秦qín孝xiào公gōng又yòu在zài发fā布bù《招zhāo贤xián令lìng》,商shāng鞅yāng只zhī能néng极jí不bú情qíng愿yuàn的de去qù了le秦qín国guó,魏wèi国guó也yě便biàn失shī去qù了le一yī个gè难nán得dé的de人rén才cái。

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当dāng然rán,在zài这zhè里lǐ大dà家jiā觉jiào得dé魏wèi王wáng没méi有yǒu眼yǎn光guāng,不bú过guò跟gēn公gōng叔shū痤cuó的de自zì私sī也yě有yǒu很hěn大dà我wǒ关guān系xì。怪guài他tā不bú应yīng该gāi把bǎ商shāng鞅yāng藏cáng那nà么me久jiǔ,应yīng该gāi早zǎo点diǎn给gěi商shāng鞅yāng一yī点diǎn机jī会huì,让ràng魏wèi王wáng知zhī道dào有yǒu这zhè么me一yī个gè人rén物wù。

商shāng鞅yāng的de结jié局jú大dà家jiā都dōu知zhī道dào,所suǒ以yǐ说shuō公gōng叔shū痤cuó虽suī然rán作zuò为wéi商shāng鞅yāng人rén生shēng中zhōng的de第dì一yī个gè伯bó乐lè,但dàn却què把bǎ他tā给gěi害hài惨cǎn了le。

其qí实shí想xiǎng想xiǎng也yě是shì,公gōng叔shū痤cuó怕pà自zì己jǐ的de相xiàng位wèi不bú保bǎo,因yīn而ér不bú用yòng商shāng鞅yāng。后hòu面miàn举jǔ荐jiàn商shāng鞅yāng,其qí实shí也yě是shì不bú想xiǎng自zì己jǐ落luò个gè嫉jí贤xián妒dù能néng的de骂mà名míng。

公gōng叔shū痤cuó在zài生shēng命mìng的de最zuì后hòu一yī刻kè推tuī荐jiàn了le商shāng鞅yāng,但dàn在zài明míng白bái魏wèi惠huì王wáng并bìng不bú打dǎ算suàn启qǐ用yòng商shāng鞅yāng时shí,便biàn建jiàn议yì杀shā了le他tā。而ér后hòu,又yòu召zhào见jiàn了le商shāng鞅yāng,跟gēn他tā说shuō:“如rú果guǒ魏wèi王wáng不bú用yòng你nǐ,我wǒ建jiàn议yì他tā杀shā了le你nǐ”。商shāng鞅yāng则zé说shuō:“他tā不bú用yòng我wǒ,又yòu怎zěn么me会huì杀shā我wǒ呢ne?”

最zuì后hòu这zhè段duàn话huà也yě可kě能néng是shì出chū于yú人rén快kuài死sǐ了le的de本běn心xīn吧ba!毕bì竟jìng公gōng叔shū痤cuó也yě是shì常cháng人rén,也yě有yǒu私sī心xīn,最zuì后hòu的de举jǔ动dòng就jiù当dāng是shì他tā的de将jiāng功gōng补bǔ过guò吧ba。

后hòu来lái的de后hòu来lái,商shāng鞅yāng去qù了le秦qín国guó。在zài那nà里lǐ实shí行háng了le变biàn法fǎ,并bìng受shòu封fēng于yú商shāng地dì,号hào为wéi商shāng君jun1,但dàn最zuì后hòu却què死sǐ得dé很hěn惨cǎn,作zuò者zhě:老lǎo边biān

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